Tobias Moskowitz, Fama Family Professor of Finance, recently published Scorecasting: The Hidden Influences Behind How Sports Are Played and Games Are Won
Scorecasting looks into the statistics behind sports and challenges notions such as home field advantage, “defense wins championships” and why the Cubs are (or aren’t) cursed. The book is currently on 24 hour reserve at Regenstein Library. A selected bibliography of Professor Moskowitz’s work is available here.
You can find similar research in journal articles indexed in EconLit. “Sports and incentives” is a good starting point.