Science Featured Resources

Unearthed from the archives

Yesterday, the Geological Society of London revealed that it had recently unearthed rare and important historical artifact: a first edition copy of a geological map first published in 1815. The map, a work of art in its own right, depicts the geology of England, Wales, and portions of Scotland and was created by the influential geologist William Smith.

Smith, often referred to as the “Father of English Geology,” traveled roughly 10,000 miles per year for 15 years to conduct research for his geological map. These years of travel and extensive study of fossils likely led him to one of his most scientific contributions: the principle of faunal succession. In essence, Smith realized that because fossils are layered in the earth one after another in a predictable, linear fashion, different rocks containing similar fossils are similar in age. Based on this principle, geologists have constructed a timetable with which to measure the relative age of rocks.

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Sweet science at the John Crerar Library

February 14th: Whether you love it or hate it, Valentine’s Day is a holiday that brings out strong sentiments. The flurry of gift-, flower-, card-, and candy-exchanging observed today is, in fact, nothing new— a rise of the American middle class in the mid-19th century brought these traditions and customs to the fore.  Food, and especially candy and confectionery items, became inextricably tied to Valentine’s Day after the American Civil War, when the U.S. economy witnessed a decrease in the price of sugar and a subsequent rise of the confectionery industry.

The John Crerar Library is home to a veritable treasure trove of cookbooks, both vintage and modern. This Valentine’s Day, we have chosen to highlight some of the library’s more “vintage” confectionery cookbooks. To the left, you will find two recipes selected directly from our turn-of-the-century holdings, and below, the products of these recipes made nearly a century after their original publication.

Lovers' Layer-Cake, baked February 11, 2015. Lovers' Layer-Cake and Cocoa Fudge, baked February 11, 2015.





More from these cookbooks:

Title Page: Choice Recipes, by Maria Parloa. Published 1899.

Walter Baker & Co's Vanilla Chocolate Color Label

Walter Baker & Co's Breakfast Cocoa and Baker's Chocolate. Color Labels.

Walter & Baker Co's German Sweet Chocolate, Color Label

Cover: The Everyday Cake Book, by Gertrude Paul. Published 1921.





More at The University of Chicago Library:

Sweet Home Chicago: Chocolate and Confectionery Production and Technology in the Windy City

Selected Valentine’s Day Readings

GSA Bulletin historical issues online from 1890 to present


Image from C. H. Hitchcock, “Geology of Oahu,” Geological Society of America Bulletin, January 1900, v. 11, p. 15-60, doi:10.1130/GSAB-11-15

The Geological Society of America has completed digitizing the earliest years of the Geological Society of America Bulletin, extending access online back to 1890.  These historical issues are included in the Library’s subscription to th GSA Bulletin on the GeoScienceWorld publishing platform.  

University of Chicago students, faculty and staff can see a list of all the available full text PDF issues of the GSA Bulletin by visiting the GeoScienceWorld site.


Something’s Brewing web exhibit launched


Drawing of beer barrels in storage.

Something’s Brewing. The Art, Science and Technology of Beer Brewing 

(an online exhibit)

There is more to brewing than barley and hops. Beverages have been brewed from beans, oatmeal, honey, molasses, rye, wheat, old bread, and even whole chickens. Ancient Egyptians, medieval monks, and Chicago city founders have all practiced the art of brewing.

The Crerar Library exhibit, Something’s Brewing: The Art, Science and Technology of Brewing, was originally shown January 8 – March 31, 2007 and explored the development of brewing, from the ancient Sumerians’ rice-based beverages to the rise and fall of the Chicago brewing industry.  The Library is pleased to present a web version of the exhibit, including links to original works in digital online libraries where available.  

This exhibit was curated by Andrea Twiss-Brooks and Debra Werner.  The images and text were adapted for the web exhibit by Jennifer Hart and Andrea Twiss-Brooks.

ORCID – a Registry of Researchers

orcidorcid flower

 So what is ORCID and why should you care?

ORCID ( is an open, non-profit, community-driven effort to create and maintain a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers.  When fully implemented by funding agencies, publishers, and universities will be able to unambiguously link researchers and research through the embedding of ORCID identifiers in key workflows, such as research profile maintenance, manuscript submissions, grant applications, and patent applications. 

The ORCID Registry is available free of charge to individuals, who may obtain an ORCID identifier, manage their record of activities, and search for others in the Registry.   The ORCID identifier is a numeric  16 digit code; e.g., my ORCID is 0000-0003-1868-2794. You can also link your ORCID to existing researcher profiles like Researcher ID and ScopusID.  A portion of an ORCID registry page is shown below.  You can see the entire registry page by going to

orcid screenshot




For more information on creating your ORCID and linking it to your research activities, check out our Author and Research Identifiers LibGuide. 



UChicago Magazine makes ‘a pint of gruel for invalids’ with Crerar cookbook

Cooking with Crerar: Child gruelty
University of Chicago Magazine – February 12, 2014

Expanded IEEE and IET content now available to users

IEEE largeWe are very pleased to announce that we have recently upgraded our subscription to IEEE Xplore Digital Library to the IEEE/IET (Institution of Engineering and Technology) Electronic Library (IEL).  This upgrade represents the most comprehensive coverage of IEEE content available online; over 3 million documents are now available.  University of Chicago readers have access to IEEE journals, transactions, and magazines, including early access documents and full historical archives to selected titles (some back to the late 1800’s), all IEEE conference proceedings, IET journals, IET conference proceedings, IEEE published standards, and the IEEE Standards Dictionary Online.   Also included is full text access to all IEEE-Wiley eBooks titles copyrighted in the year(s) 1974-2015 ( Complimentary access to the AbstractPlus records and select full text published since 2005 from VDE VERLAG conference proceedings ( is also available.

Coverage of topics in IEL is broad, ranging from medical imaging to cloud computing, from data mining to wind energy systems.  Researchers in computer science, physics, radiology and medical imaging, neuroscience, linguistics, and many, many other fields will find the content in the IEL of interest. 

 Explore today by pointing your browser to:

Mobile users may find the mobile enhanced site valuable:

Finally, iPad users who want to find images from IEEE journals can download the free IEEE Xplore Images app in the iTunes store:


New translation of Vesalius’ “De humani corporis fabrica”


Digitally enhanced image for The Fabric of the Human Body

The University of Chicago Library has recently acquired a wonderful new reference, The Fabric of the Human Body.  The work is a new two-volume set of an English translation of Andreas Vesalius’ 16th century anatomical atlas, De humani corporis fabrica.  This impressive new work features a comprehensive, side by side annotated translation of both the 1543 first and the 1555 second editions.   Dr. Daniel H. Garrison (Professor, Department of Classics, Northwestern University) and Dr. Malcolm H. Hast (Professor Emeritus in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine), spent the last twenty years critically comparing the two editions, resulting in more than 5,000 annotations.   Scholars may visit the Special Collections Research Center to make use of this new translation.  

The purchase of The Fabric of the Human Body was generously supported by the Library Society’s Steering Committee.

Read more about work that created The Fabric of the Human Body in the publisher’s Karger Gazette special issue titled Anatomy & Art through the Ages:

Archive of supporting materials for American Chemical Society journals digitized


Crystal structure from digitized supporting information in Journal of Organic Chemistry

ACS Publications has completed comprehensive digitization of the Supporting Information for the ACS Legacy Archives journals collection.  This initiative extends online accessibility of the supporting information and data associated with the ACS Legacy Archives –– a collection of nearly half a million original research articles published in ACS journals between the years 1879 and 1995. The digitization effort has generated new Supporting Information files for 40,000 ACS original research articles, and in total comprises 800,000 pages of valuable data and underlying research information. 

To read the full press release and read examples of data that supported scientific breakthroughs please visit:

The recently digitized research  material is openly available to any visitor of the ACS Publications website and can be readily downloaded from the abstract page of any ACS Legacy Archive journal article that contains Supporting Information. The digital conversion of this additional Supporting Information enables easy access to tabular data, illustrations and diagrams, spectroscopic and crystallographic results, detailed experimental procedures, software programming code, biological test data, mathematical derivations and more.
For more information visit or email

USGS information related to Pakistan earthquake

For up to date scientific information on the earthquake that occurred in Pakistan this morning, as well as historical information and background on seismicity in this region of the world, check out the USGS Earthquake Hazards Program site.

Summary of the September 24, 2013 earthquake (M7.7 – 66km NNE of Awaran, Pakistan, 2013-09-24 11:29:48 UTC)

More information on Pakistan seismicity

News media outlets around the world have been reporting on the massive (7.7 on the Richter scale) earthquake that struck Pakistan earlier today.   Included in the news are reports that a new island has been formed as a result of the quake.  At the time of this post, no scientific agency has either confirmed or denied this report.

University of Chicago readers who want to consult additional in depth resources in earthquake science can use these online e-books from the Library collection:

Earthquake Early Warning Systems
Editors: Prof. Paolo Gasparini, Prof. Gaetano Manfredi, Prof. Dr. Jochen Zschau
ISBN: 978-3-540-72240-3 (Print) 978-3-540-72241-0 (Online)

Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology
Editors: Jens Havskov, Gerardo Alguacil
ISBN: 978-1-4020-2968-4 (Print) 978-1-4020-2969-1 (Online)

Synchronization and Triggering: from Fracture to Earthquake Processes: Laboratory, Field Analysis and Theories
Editors: Valerio de Rubeis, Zbigniew Czechowski, Roman Teisseyre
ISBN: 978-3-642-12299-6 (Print) 978-3-642-12300-9 (Online)